Hi and thanks for the welcome,
Chrome is add-on free. It works in the company network sites, also it opens Gmail and Web Store but for example not google.com (or any other sites for that matter).
A very temporary fix seems to be disabling the "Automatically detect settings" option, then closing the tabs (if there are any open) that tries to reach a site, then enabling the option again and then you can reach any site. Once you close Google Chrome and open it again the issue comes back, no site (except the few I mentioned above) is reachable.
I have to say it was working at some point and it suddenly stopped. Nothing new installed on my computer as this is a company notebook and I only use it for work. Google Chrome also works on other peoples notebooks on the same network, and it's temporarily fixed if I do the steps I mentioned above. So I think it's related to my computer somehow.